美国斯克里普斯海洋研究所 Scripps Institution of Ocea

实验室名称: 美国斯克里普斯海洋研究所 Scripps Institution of Ocea
所在地区: 国外

美国斯克里普斯海洋研究所 Scripps Institution of Oceanography http://sio.ucsd.edu 美国太平洋海岸的综合性海洋科学研究机构。位于加利福尼亚州拉霍亚。1903年由W.E.里特教授创建,从事海洋生物研究。1912年归属加利福尼亚大学,以主办人姓氏定名为斯克里普斯生物学研究所。1925年由大学董事会改为现名,开始全面研究海洋。杰出的挪威海洋学家H.U.斯韦尔德鲁普博士曾于1936~1948年任所长。该所目前是世界上规模最大的海洋研究所。(见彩图)

  研究所下设海洋地质、海洋生物和大洋 3个研究部,海洋物理、能见度和生理研究 3个实验室,还有海岸研究中心,海洋生命研究组,以及供博士学位教学用的研究生院。拥有5艘海洋学研究船,2个研究平台,多用途的岸上和船上计算机系统和海洋专业图书馆,以及“深海钻探计划”岩心总库和供免费参观的水族馆等。  该所研究课题涉及海-气相互作用,深海锰结核的形成及其开采,海岸侵蚀,污染对海洋生态系的影响,以及包括板块构造和海底扩张在内的大洋地质演化史等 200多项。近年来还增加了气候预报、二氧化碳问题和空间海洋学的研究。建所以来,研究船队总航程近 400万海里,培养出许多著名海洋学家,主持和参加了深海钻探计划,提出了有划时代意义的波浪预报方式,发现了赤道潜流,在海洋科学各方面的研究中取得了很多成果。出版物有《斯克里普斯海洋研究所通报》、《斯克里普斯论文汇编》等。 Scripps Institution of Oceanography is one of the oldest, largest, and most important centers for ocean and earth science research, education, and public service in the world. Research at Scripps Institution of Oceanography encompasses physical, chemical, biological, geological, and geophysical studies of the oceans and earth. Scripps Mission 和 VisionScripps Mission StatementTo seek, teach, and communicate scientific understanding of the oceans, atmosphere, Earth, and other planets for the benefit of society and the environment.

Scripps VisionTo be an international leader in originating basic research, in developing scientists, and in advancing the science needed in the search for a sustainable balance between the natural environment and human activity.Scripps HistoryA leader and innovator in oceanography and marine technology for 100 years, Scripps Institution of Oceanography began when the right people, the right place, and the right time all converged in San Diego, California, in 1903.

Infinite secrets were awaiting discovery in the oceans, and UC Berkeley zoology professor William Ritter and his students were eager to uncover them. A visionary group of leaders in San Diego believed the West Coast needed a dedicated year-round marine laboratory and that their city was the ideal location. From this fusion of intellect and resources came the nation's first multidisciplinary oceanographic institution, later named Scripps Institution of Oceanography.

Since becoming part of the University of California in 1912, the institution has expanded its scope to include studies of the physics, chemistry, geology, biology, and climate of the Earth.

A century of Scripps science has had an invaluable impact on oceanography, on understanding of the Earth, and on society. More than 300 research programs are under way today in a wide range of scientific areas in 65 countries.

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应该不至于错误百出,只是说原本认为的那套调控机制不存在,可能是走另一条路径调控,但基本原理应该还是没错的。

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