法国巴斯德研究所(Institut Pasteur )

实验室名称: 法国巴斯德研究所(Institut Pasteur )
所在地区: 国外

法国巴斯德研究所 www.pasteur.fr 法国巴斯德研究所位于巴黎。建于1887年。法国化学家和微生物学家L.巴斯德1882年开始研究狂犬病,证明病原体存在于狂犬的唾液和神经系统中,并制成了减毒的活疫苗。1885年7月,他用此种疫苗治愈了一个9岁的狂犬病患儿。自此之后,用狂犬病疫苗治愈了大量被疯犬咬伤的病人。当时许多国家为感谢他对人类所作出的这一重大贡献,纷纷捐款,于1887年建成巴斯德研究所。巴斯德担任所长直至1895年逝世。该所的组织机构分基金部和生产部。以研究微生物学、病毒学和免疫学为主。目前全所约有600余个研究单位,分属于6个系。每年出版巴斯德研究所年鉴、免疫学年鉴和病毒学年鉴,以及巴斯德研究所通报等,大量报道该所研究成果。著名学者如J.莫诺等,曾在巴斯德研究所工作过,并作出了重大的贡献。

 法国巴斯德研究所成立于1887年,是一个公益型私人基金会。其职能是致力于对疾病的预防和治疗的科学研究、培训和其它公共卫生行为。它既是生物学基础性研究中心、大学后教学中心(研究与诊断培训),又是专门的生物医学中心、传染病专科住院中心、热带病理学和免疫系统疾病中心。巴斯德研究所包括一个历史展馆、一个科学展馆和一个新建的以图书馆为主体的科学信息中心。  巴斯德研究所在巴黎共有人员2500名。2003年度预算额为1.687亿欧元,由三个部分组成,其中巴斯德研究所自创收入0.615亿欧元,占36.5%;接受资助0.509亿欧元,占30.1%;政府支持0.563亿欧元,占33.4%。  巴斯德研究所在世界各地拥有24个分所:一部分在法国本土和海外领地;其它分布在世界各地:克特迪瓦、中非、希腊、意大利、阿尔及利亚、突尼斯、摩洛哥、越南、俄罗斯、塞内加尔、马达加斯加、伊朗、柬埔寨、罗马尼亚、喀麦隆、玻利维亚和中国。2004年10月法国总统希拉克访华期间,主持了巴斯德研究所上海分院的揭牌仪式。  巴斯德研究所主要从事的工作如下:  1)生物基础研究,  2)生物医学和生物技术的应用,  3)教学中心  4)国家参考中心和国际卫生组织合作中心,  5)生物合同和许可证鉴定,  6)医院(在医院中往往附有国际疫苗中心)。  巴斯德研究所共有100个研究单位或称研究组,包括在10个部门中,它们是:  a)细菌学和真菌学;  b)生态学;  c)病毒学;  d)免疫学;  e)生物化学和分子遗传学;  f)分子生物学;  g)生理病理学;  h)生物技术;  i)艾滋病与反病毒;  j)普通医学Since its creation in 1887, the Institut Pasteur has become famous throughout the world as a symbol of science and french culture. For 120 years, our foundation has been contributing to the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases through research, teaching and public health initiatives.

Across the globe, thousands of researchers who have been trained or are working at Institut Pasteur share the values which form the very core of the Pasteurian community: an original scientifi c approach, an ongoing preoccupation with applying research to public health needs, professional ethics, a desire to care for people regardless of their background or nationality, and an outward-looking attitude, sharing knowledge and expertise with the international community. These guiding principles make the Institut Pasteur a unique institution which values exchanges and partnerships.

The Institut Pasteur enjoys an independent status and has numerous other assets, with its research laboratories, technological platforms, teaching centre and medical centre all located on one campus in the heart of Paris. It also has an international network which currently counts 30 members spread over the five continents.With its unique setup and prestigious history, the Institut Pasteur has always stood at the forefront of innovation, adapting to the rapidly developing world of biological research and its applications, in particular in the field of biotechnology.

Nowadays, the Institut Pasteur has four priorities to carry out its activities successfully :- to target its scientific strategy towards infectious diseases, microbiology, virology and immunology;- to adopt an outward-looking attitude, both within France, through agreements and collaborations with its partners : CNRS (French National Scientific Research Centre), Inserm (French National Institute for Health and Medical Research), universities, hospitals, industrial partners, etc., and at international level with the development of the Reseau International des Instituts Pasteur (International Network of the Institut Pasteur or RIIP), which counts 30 institutes;- to implement transversal research programs on ambitious themes and led by young researchers;- to preserve the foundation’s independence, in particular through increased resources from sponsorship and donations.These priorities, upholding the traditional tasks and values of the Institut Pasteur, place it at the cutting edge of the 21st century’s scientific and human challenges.

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换一换

这个题目不好,换头术在上世纪就已经在动物身上实验了,这个题目也太老了吧有点哗众取宠。

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